Archive for the Academic Category

Best Practices for Scanning and Minors’ Use of the Internet

Librarians working in many types of libraries may be interested in the two most recent Field Initiated Studies (FIS).

The Best Practices for Scanning FIS is a summary of responses from a Libnet inquiry regarding the best methods for scanning large volumes of library materials. Responses primarily include those from academic and special librarians.

The Minors’ Use of the Internet FIS is a summary of responses from a Libnet inquiry regarding policies for minors’ Internet use, primarily in public libraries.

You may click on the titles above or see our Field Initated Studies Section for more information.

-Amanda
arybin@du.edu

New Fellows at LRS!

LRS would like to announce and welcome our three new Library and Information Science Research Fellows from the University of Denver.

Regina Avila
Myntha Cuffy
Amanda Rybin

They will be assisting with various projects and topics including literacy, public, academic and school libraries.

~Daphne
eastburn_d@cde.state.co.us

2006 State Library Report Published by IMLS

WASHINGTON, DC–The Institute of Museum and Library Services (IMLS) issued its first library statistics report on state library agencies in the 50 states and the District of Columbia for state fiscal year (FY) 2006. The State Library Agency Report for FY 2006 includes a wide array of information on topics such as libraries’ Internet access, services, collections, staff, and revenue, and is used by state and federal policymakers, researchers, and others…

For more information on the Library Statistics Program, visit: http://www.imls.gov/statistics.

The report is available in PDF format at: http://harvester.census.gov/imls/pubs/stla/index.asp.

From IMLS Press Release
November 16, 2007
————————————————

Note, the reports from previous years were published by NCES.

~Nicolle
steffen_n@cde.state.co.us

Return on Investment Resources for Everyone…Really!

Whether you’re a public library director or–like me–a public library user, there is a return on investment (ROI) resource for you. Check out the…

CALCULATORS
Personal ROI Calculator
This online tool calculates the individual estimated return on investment for the Colorado public library of your choice. Other states have done ROI calculators, but not like this one!

Do you work in a public library? Well, this calculator can be customized for your library’s website. See DPL’s at: http://www.denverlibrary.org/news/dplnews/roi_calculator.html (it is also linked from their homepage). Or if you prefer, it can be a direct link from your library’s website. Link to the calculator on the LRS website and your library’s name can be pre-filled in the drop-down box. Either way, it can be a fun, yet powerful tool to demonstrate the dollar-and-cents value of your library.

Library ROI Calculator
This tool estimates the ROI for your library using a peer-based return on investment calculator.

OTHER RESOURCES
At the CAL Conference last week, Zeth and I did a presentation on the ROI study. The PowerPoint presentation and other resources we discussed can be found on the ROI page.

Other resources on the ROI page include individual reports for participating libraries, newspaper articles, and links to other studies.

Zeth also recently added a function called “LRS Conversation” so that you can share your comments online about the ROI study or the personal ROI calculator. We look forward to reading what you have to say!

~Nicolle
steffen_n@cde.state.co.us

LRS Activities at CAL 2007

As usual the Annual CAL Conference is packed with LRS activities. Please join us for…

Booth – Friday, November 9, 8 a.m. – 5:30 p.m. and Saturday, Nov. 10, 8 a.m. – 1 p.m.
Chat with LRS staff at our booth (#8) in State Library “wing” of the exhibits.

Reception – Thursday, November 8, from 4 p.m. to 6 p.m.
20 Years…and still counting! Prior to the opening keynote address by Nancy Pearl, the Library Research Service will host a reception celebrating its 20th anniversary.

Session – Friday, November 9 at 10:15 a.m.
“What’s It Worth to You? A Return-on-Investment Study of Selected Colorado Public Libraries”

Awards Dinner – Friday, November 9 at 5:30 p.m.
Keith Lance, former Director of the Library Research Service, will be receiving the Career Achievement Award.

Career Fair – Saturday, November 10 at 4:30 p.m.
LRS will be at the Career Fair to provide information about LibraryJobline.org and how it can help both employers and employees.

Hope to see you there!
~Nicolle

Conference info: http://www.cal-webs.org/conference.html

Who Knew? Banned Books and Book Burning Fun Facts

In 2006, there were a total of 63 challenges to books, materials, events, and exhibits in Colorado public libraries. This was the lowest number of challenges since 2003. Of the 115 public libraries in the state, 23 had a challenge during the year. And Tango Makes Three by Justin Richardson was the title most often named in a challenge.
Source: http://www.lrs.org/pub_stats.php

The first Index of Prohibited Books was drawn up by order of Pope Paul IV in 1559. The lists were issued 20 times through the centuries by different popes, the last issued as recently as 1948, and finally suppressed in 1966.
Source: http://www.beaconforfreedom.org/about_project/history.html

The origin of the term censor in English can be traced to the office of censor established in Rome in 443 BC. In Rome, as in the ancient Greek communities, the ideal of good governance included shaping the character of the people. Hence, censorship would have been regarded as an honorable task.
Sources: http://www.beaconforfreedom.org/about_project/history.html and http://encyclopedia.farlex.com/censor+(magistrate)

The first recorded book burning in the United States was in 1650. William Pynchon’s A Meritorious Price of Our Redemption was ordered destroyed by a court because the religious publication contained “errors and heresies.” The book was burned by the public executioner.
Source: http://www.firstamendmentcenter.org/commentary.aspx?id=2264

Aristophanes’ Lysistrata, Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales, Boccaccio’s Decameron, Defoe’s Moll Flanders, and various editions of The Arabian Nights were all banned for decades from the U.S. mail under the Comstock Law of 1873. Officially known as the Federal Anti-Obscenity Act, this law banned the mailing of “lewd”, “indecent”, “filthy”, or “obscene” materials. The Comstock laws, while now unenforced, remain for the most part on the books today; the Telecommunications Reform Bill of 1996 even specifically applied some of them to computer networks.
Source: http://onlinebooks.library.upenn.edu/banned-books.html

50 years ago Poet Lawrence Ferlinghetti contacted the ACLU to defend the publication of Howl. U.S. Customs officials had seized the books, stating, “You wouldn’t want your children to come across it.” A state court judge ruled that the poem could not be suppressed as obscene by local authorities.

In 2007, fearing repercussions from the FCC, in a New York radio station decided against airing Howl on the 50th anniversary, choosing to stream the poem on its web site instead.
Sources: http://www.nytimes.com/2007/10/04/books/04howl.html?_r=1&oref=slogin

http://www.aclu-wa.org/library_files/A%20History%20of%20Fighting%20Censorship.pdf

The ALA Office of Intellectual Freedom reports there were more than 3,000 attempts to remove books from schools and public libraries between 2000 and 2005. J.K. Rowling’s Harry Potter series tops the list of the most challenged books of the 21st century. Source: http://www.ala.org/ala/oif/bannedbooksweek/bbwlinks/topten2000to2005.htm

The Lorax by: Dr. Seuss was banned in the Laytonville, California School District on grounds that this book “criminalizes the forestry industry.”
Source: http://library.dixie.edu/new/whybanned.html

To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee was banned as recently as August 2001, in Oklahoma for “racially charged language.” It was also banned from the Lindale, Tex. advanced placement English reading list (1996) because the book “conflicted with the values of the community.” Also challenged at the Warren, Ind. Township schools (1981), because the book “represents institutionalized racism under the guise of ‘good literature’.” Also challenged–and temporarily banned–in Eden Valley, Minn. (1977).
Sources: http://library.dixie.edu/new/whybanned.html http://title.forbiddenlibrary.com/

The Intellectual Freedom Committee of the Colorado Association of Libraries has information on how libraries can deal with challenges and other important information:

http://www.cal-webs.org/ifhandbook.html

For more information about banned books visit:

Banned Book timeline

http://www.thebookstandard.com/bookstandard/news/global/article_display.jsp?vnu_content_id=1001181785

American Library Association

http://www.ala.org/ala/oif/bannedbooksweek/bannedbooksweek.htm

And finally a few quotes to end our Who Knew about Banned Books:

“Books and ideas are the most effective weapons against intolerance and ignorance.”
— Lyndon Baines Johnson, February 11, 1964

“Quis custodiet ipsos custodes? – Who will watch the watchers?”
— Juvenal

Academic Library Survey Results Now Available

Looking for results from the most recent Academic Library Survey? Want to find out how your library stacks up againist others in terms in the number of reference questions asked, or in relation to the number of electronic journal subscriptions currently held, or in total operating expeditures? Find this information and more by accessing the results of this biannual survey by clicking on this link: http://www.lrs.org/aca_stats.php

Results from the Academic Library Survey can also be retrieved by clicking on the link for “Colorado Statistics” under the “Academic” category listed on the toolbar to the left on the LRS website. Formatted statistics of the survey, including totals and averages, will be coming soon and will be announced on the blog once they are posted.

~Beth
Strickland_B@cde.state.co.us

Spanish-Speaking Populations

Librarians who work with Spanish-speaking populations may be interested in two recent Field Initiated Studies entitled, Colorado Latinos and Information: Key Informant Interviews with Latino Organizations and Information-Seeking Behaviors of Spanish-Speaking Populations: An Annotated Bibliography.
These Field Initiated Studies are the result of a Service Learning Project completed by Catherine L. Meis, a graduate student at the University of Denver’s Library and Information Science program. The end goal of this study was to help AskColorado assess potential Spanish use of the AskColorado Spanish queue.

For more information, you may click on the above links or see our Field Initiated Studies section for more information.

~ Daphne
Eastburn_D@cde.state.co.us

Who Knew? Back to School Fun Facts

In 2006, Colorado had 1,420 school libraries staffed by 1,652 FTE staff–817 of them endorsed school librarians. Collections included nearly 14 million print books and a total circulation of 36 million. School libraries had 14.8 million individual visits and 1.5 million group visits, underscoring the library as a place for students to study, conduct research, meet with each other, and, most importantly, learn information literacy.[1]

Sixty-two percent of college students said they would choose an electronic textbook over a new print textbook, according to a new study by Versaware.[2]

15 states (alas, not Colorado) had ‘Sales Tax Holidays’ during the month of August – periods of time with no sales tax on certain school-related items.[3]

“We expect more than 53 million students to be enrolled in the nation’s elementary and high schools this fall, and that’s even higher than the total enrollment in 1969 when the last of the baby boomers were still in school,” says Robert Bernstein of the U.S. Census Bureau.[4]

The US produced 10 billion pounds of apples in 2006. The chances are good that the apples your children present to their teachers or enjoy for lunch were grown in Washington state, which accounted for more than half of the nation’s total production.[5]

Average annual 2005 earnings of workers 18 and older with an advanced degree was $79,946. This compares with $54,689 a year for those with bachelor’s degrees, $29,448 for those with a high school diploma only and $19,915 for those without a high school diploma.[6]

13.6 million computers are available for classroom use in the nation’s 111,000 elementary and secondary schools; that comes down to 1 computer for every 4 students.[7]

The average cost before financial aid for one year of a full-time master’s degree education at a public institution in 2003-04 was $21,900 (includes tuition and fees, books and supplies, and other living expenses).[8]

The average cumulative amount borrowed for a master’s degree for those graduating in 2003-04 was $27,200.[9]

Back-to-school spending is estimated reach $17.6 billion, up from a poor showing of $13.4 billion last year, according to the National Retail Federation’s (NRF) 2006 Back-to-School Consumer Intentions and Actions Survey. Average back-to-school spending by category and family for primary and secondary school age children: [10]

* Electronics/Computers: $114.38
* Apparel/Accessories: $228.14
* Shoes: $98.34
* School Supplies: $86.22

For more Back to School Fun Facts visit:

Facts for Features at the U.S. Census Bureau: http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/releases/archives/facts_for_features_special_editions/010218.html

IES’s Back to School Statistics at the NCES: http://nces.ed.gov/fastfacts/display.asp?id=372

________________________________

[1]LRS.org Big Facts: http://www.lrs.org/quotable.php
[2]InternetNews.com: http://www.internetnews.com/bus-news/article.php/5541_550821
[3]Stateline.org: http://www.stateline.org/live/details/story?contentId=232007
[4]U.S. Census Bureau, RadioZone: Quotes & Sound Bites: http://www.census.gov/pubinfo/www/radio/sb_03back2school.html
[5]USDA: http://www.nass.usda.gov/index.asp
[6]U.S. Census Bureau: http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/releases/archives/education/009749.html
[7]U.S. Census Bureau: http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/2003/cb03ff-11.html
[8]Institute of Education Sciences: http://nces.ed.gov/das/library/tables_listings/show_nedrc.asp?rt=p&tableID=2146
[9]Student Financing of Graduate and First-Professional Education, 2003–04: Profiles of Students in Selected Degree Programs and Part-Time Students (See Table 2.13.) at: http://nces.ed.gov/pubsearch/pubsinfo.asp?pubid=2006185
[10]About.com: Retail Industry: http://retailindustry.about.com/od/sales_holiday/a/back_to_school.htm

2007 ALA Salary Survey Results Now Available

ALA announced this week that the 2007 edition of the “ALA-APA Salary Survey: Librarian – Public and Academic” and “ALA-APA Salary Survey: Non-MLS – Public and Academic” are now available. Published by the American Library Association-Allied Professional Association (ALA-APA), the survey reports the median salary for librarians is up 2.8 percent to $57,809 in 2007.

ALA Press Release & ordering information: http://www.ala.org/ala/pressreleases2007/august2007/alaapa07.htm

~Nicolle
steffen_n@cde.state.co.us

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LRS is part of the Colorado State Library, a unit of the Colorado Department of Education. We design and conduct library research for library and education professionals, public officials, and the media to inform practices and assessment needs. We partner with the Library and Information Science program at University of Denver's Morgridge College of Education to provide research fellowships to current MLIS students.

This project is made possible by a grant from the U.S. Institute of Museum and Library Services (IMLS).

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