Through a $3.3 million, two year project that began in spring 2011, the Colorado State Library is overseeing the installation of 88 new and enhanced Public Computer Centers (PCCs) throughout Colorado. These PCCs provide internet access and computer training to foster broadband adoption. In 2012, LRS surveyed more than 7,300 PCC users to determine the impacts the PCCs are having on their lives. The results showed that the top outcomes of respondents who used the PCCs during open lab times were to communication with someone (52%), look for employment (38%), and use the printer, scanner, or fax (33%). Top outcomes of computer class attendees included getting better at using the computer (68%), the internet (49%), and software (38%) after taking a computer class. One respondent commented: “Probably the most valuable resource, dollar for dollar, available to community. I have found jobs…researched…located tax information, and have done school work over the years. Thank you!!”
From the Institute of Museum and Library Services (IMLS):
IMLS 2010 Public Library Survey Results Announced: Libraries doing more with less – Local government taking larger funding role Press Release
Highlights from the Report
Public Library Services and Operations
- Public libraries offered 3.75 million programs to the public in FY 2010, which amounts to an average of at least one program a day for every library system in the country. The majority of these programs (61.5%) are designed for children. Attendance at programs has continued to rise, indicating an increased demand for these services.
- Public libraries circulated 2.46 billion materials in FY 2010, the highest circulation in 10 years, representing a continued increasing trend. Circulation of children’s materials has increased by 28.3 percent in the last 10 years and comprises over one-third of all materials circulated in public libraries.
- The composition of public library collections has changed dramatically in recent years. While books in print continue to dominate the physical portion of the collection, making up 87.1 percent of the total in FY 2010, the share of non-print materials, including audio and video materials and electronic books, has increased. The number of e-books has tripled since FY 2003. In FY 2010, there were 18.50 million e-books available for circulation.
- Public access computer use continued to be one of the fastest growing services in public libraries. In FY 2010, public libraries reported a computer use rate of more than one use for every five visits to the library. Public libraries have responded to demand by increasing access, doubling the number of public computers in the past 10 years.
- Physical visits to libraries decreased 1.1 percent in 2010. (Note: the survey does not collect data on online visits or transactions of public libraries.) Physical visits remain strong with an overall 10-year increase of 32.7 percent from FY 2001-FY 2010. On average, Americans visited a public library 5.3 times per year, a ten-year increase of 21.7 percent.
Public Library Resources
- Public libraries had $11.3 billion in revenue in FY 2010, a decrease of 3.5 percent from FY 2009, after adjusting for inflation. Although local governments have generally been the largest source of revenue for public libraries, they have had to take on an even larger role as state support declined over 10 years.
- Public libraries reported operating expenditures of $10.77 billion dollars in FY 2010, the first decrease since FY 2001. Although expenditures across all U.S. public libraries were $36.18 per capita, per-capita expenditures varied greatly by state, with spending as low as $15.99 and as high as $67.78.
Public Library Workforce
- The recession has had an impact on the public library workforce, which has decreased by 6,385 Full Time Equivalent (FTE) staff since FY 2008, a decrease of 3.9 percent. Staff-related expenditures were $7.21 billion, 67.0 percent of public library expenses in FY 2010.
- Librarians made up one-third of all library staff. Although the majority of these librarians hold a Master’s degree in Library Science from a program accredited by the American Library Association (ALA-MLS), only half of all libraries reported having a librarian with an ALA-MLS on staff.
A copy of the FY 2010 Public Library Survey can be accessed online at: http://www.imls.gov/research/public_libraries_in_the_us_fy_2010_report.aspx
Blog post by IMLS Director Susan Hildreth: http://blog.imls.gov/?p=2645
Questions? Comments? Contact Nicolle Steffen at: steffen_n at cde.state.co.us
Pew Internet has released their latest findings from their multi-year library research project. Highlights of these findings, which focused on the reading and library habits of young Americans, included:
- 4 in 5 young Americans ( ages 16-29) read a book in the past year
- 1 in 5 read an e-book
- 1 in 10 listened to an audiobook
- 3 in 5 used the library
- Young Americans are more likely to read e-books on a cell phone or computer than on an e-reader
- Nearly half (47%) of young Americans read long-form e-content (books, magazines, newspapers)
When further subdivided by age, Pew researchers found that:
- High schoolers (16-17) were most likely of the subgroups to have used the library in the past year, to have checked out print books, and/or to have received research assistance
- College-aged adults (18-24) had the highest overall reading rates
- Adults in their late twenties (25-29) expressed the greatest appreciation for libraries in general
For more details, see http://libraries.pewinternet.org/2012/10/23/younger-americans-reading-and-library-habits/.
The final Census edit checks are done and I want to thank everyone who helped with annotations and corrections. Of course, the completion of the edit check process means the 2011 Public Library Annual Report data has been finalized and published to LRS.org.
You can access the data in several ways…
1) Colorado Public Library Interactive Statistics (LRS-i): This tool allows for quick extraction of public library data for customized reports. Main page: http://www.lrs.org/public/stats.php
2) Colorado Public Library Statistics: Annual library-by-library data for Colorado’s public libraries in PDF and Excel format, including Salary Tables, Input-Output Measures and State Totals and Averages. 2011 data: http://www.lrs.org/public/cannedstats.php?year=2011
3) Historic Colorado Public Library Interactive Statistics: Similar to the Public Library Interactive Statistics, this tool extracts time-series data (as far back as 1987) for a single library or a group of libraries. Main page: http://www.lrs.org/public/historic/
Coming soon is an update of the resort category for libraries. (Thanks to Claudine for the reminder.)
In September 2010, the Colorado State Library (CSL) secured a Broadband Technology Opportunity Program (BTOP) grant through the U.S. Department of Commerce’s National Telecommunications and Information Administration and the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act. This grant funded 50 grantees to build or enhance Public Computer Centers (PCCs) in 88 high-need urban and rural communities in Colorado with high poverty rates, ethnic diversity, low broadband penetration, and/or limited access to public computers. Our new Fast Facts series provides highlights of the CSL BTOP project’s first year, including:
- a summary of the location, equipment, training, and usage data;
- results from PCC class participant satisfaction surveys; and
- details about the project’s workforce efforts, partnerships, and statewide initiatives that have focused on addressing critical workforce development issues in Colorado’s rural areas.
Visit CSL’s BTOP website to learn more about the project.
The upcoming Banned Books Week, from September 30-October 6, 2012, marks the 30th anniversary of this annual collaboration between librarians, booksellers, publishers, journalists, teachers, and all types of readers. ALA and other organizations in these fields use this week to draw attention to issues of censorship and celebrate freedom of ideas by focusing on efforts across the country to remove or restrict access to books.
In Colorado, 60 items were challenged in our public libraries in 2011. Our new Fast Facts report, Challenged Materials in Colorado Public Libraries, 2011, gives more details on the types of items that were challenged (more religious books than ever before) and the results (just one book was removed from collections).
A recent LRS Fast Facts used statistics from LibraryJobline.org, an online service for job seekers and employers hosted by LRS, to assess the state of Colorado’s library job market in 2011 as compared to previous years. The report showed that after bottoming out in 2009, Colorado has seen a slow but steady increase in the number of library jobs posted per year. Additionally, interest in those positions, as evidenced by the number of views per job, has dropped off. While starting salaries have increased slightly for positions that did not explicitly require an MLIS, the starting salary for positions which did mandate an MLIS were stagnant.
Data from LibraryJobline.org from the first quarter of 2012 suggests good news for those seeking library jobs in Colorado. On average, there have been 33 new jobs posted per month, as compared to 26 jobs per month in 2011—an increase of 27 percent. In contrast to the first quarter of 2011 alone, in which an average of 27 jobs per month were posted, 22 percent more jobs were posted in the first quarter of 2012 (Chart 1).
New jobs posted from January to April of 2012 were viewed an average of 761 times each, a decrease from 1,951 views per posting in all of 2011. This decrease could signify a less competitive job market, although it could be attributed to other reasons, such as the rise in the number of Library Jobline users who receive news about available positions via email, RSS feed, or Twitter.
These “Hot Jobs” were viewed more than any others in the first quarter of 2012:
Librarian, High Plains Library District, Erie Community Library
- 1855 views
- 30 hours/week
Senior Librarian, The Denver Public Library, Hampden Branch Library
- 1828 views
- 40 hours/week
Library Assistant (Substitute), City and County of Broomfield, Mamie Doud Eisenhower Public Library
- 1734 views
- On call
Only 22 percent of first-quarter 2012 LibraryJobline.org postings required an MLS or MLIS degree, as compared with 33 percent in all of 2011. Nineteen percent would give preference to candidates with an MLS or MLIS, and 59 percent of all first quarter 2012 postings did not specify any such preference or requirement (Chart 2).
Of 147 jobs that were open (not posted) in the first quarter of 2012, 17 (12%) did not list starting salaries. With those exceptions, the average starting salary for positions that did not require or prefer an MLIS was $19 per hour, or $2 more than the average starting salary for similar positions in 2011. The starting salary for positions that preferred an MLS/MLIS dipped by $2 however, from $21 to $19 per hour. Starting salaries for positions that required an MLS/MLIS rose slightly, from an average of $24 per hour to $24.25.
Data from the first quarter of 2012 does not conclusively show changes, either for the better or worse, to the library job market in Colorado. However, this information does help job seekers and employers to stay abreast of library hiring trends.
Data pulled from Library Jobline, the online matchmaking tool for library job seekers and employers maintained by LRS, shows that in 2011, Colorado’s library job market continued to improve for the second consecutive year since the most recent recession. The average number of jobs posted per month and annually rose from previous years, and starting salaries increased for positions which did not require an MLIS degree. In addition to examining 2011 data from Library Jobline, this Fast Facts also looks at national trends, using information from the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the American Library Association, and Library Journal. Click here to read the Fast Facts report in its entirety. Also, an update to this information, discussing Library Jobline data from the first quarter of 2012, can be found here.
The Institute of Museum and Library Services (IMLS) announced today:
IMLS is pleased to report that the latest update of the Public Libraries Survey (PLS) data (FY2010) is now available on the IMLS web site: http://harvester.census.gov/imls/data/pls/index.asp.
We wish to thank the Chief Officers, State Data Coordinators, other State Library staff, the IMLS Library Statistics Working Group, the Census Public Libraries Survey team, and the public library directors and their staff, for their continued dedication and support of the PLS.
The PLS report will be released towards the end of September.
From the Institute of Museum and Library Services (IMLS):
The Public Libraries Search and Compare tools have been updated with the FY2010 PLS [Public Library Survey] unimputed suppressed data.
Please see http://www.imls.gov/research/public_libraries_in_the_united_states_survey.aspx and click on the links provided.